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Casting Process and Material Capabilities 2020-06-27T23:52:26+00:00

Casting Process and Material Capabilities

As a full-service provider of casting and precision machining products, Impro Aerospace has a variety of capabilities to ensure that we can meet the complex needs of our customers in industries such as aerospace, medical, and energy.

Casting Process Capabilities

Our various casting capabilities enable us to produce parts of varied complexity in size and volume. Our primary casting processes include:

ProcessWeightSize LimitSurface FinishMelting/Pouring
Investment Casting (Stainless Steel/Low Alloy Steel)1oz to 100 lb/0.03~45kgø 23.6”x23.6″x23.6”/
600 x 600 x 600mm
Ra3.2 (Ra2.8 achievable if specified)Air Melting/ Gravity Pouring & Rollover Pouring
Investment Casting(Superalloys)0.07-66lb/


ø19.7”x 23.6”/

ø500mm x 600mm

Ra3.2 (Ra2.8 achievable if specified)Vacuum Melting and Pouring
Investment Casting(Titanium alloys)0.07-55lbs/
ø17.7”x 21.7”/
ø450mm x 550mm
Ra3.2 (Ra2.8 achievable if specified)Vacuum Melting and Centrifugal Pouring
Investment Casting (Aluminum)0.07-33lb/ 15kgø 19.7”x19.7″x19.7”
500 x 500 x 500mm
Ra3.2 (Ra2.8 achievable if specified)Air Melting And Counter Gravity Pouring
Permanent Mold Casting (Aluminum)0.07-33lb/0.03-15kg15.7”x 15.7” x 11.8” /


Ra6.4Air Melting and Gravity & Counter Gravity Pouring
Shell Mold Casting (Aluminum)0.07-33lb/0.03-15kg11.8”x 11.8” x 11.8”/


Ra12.5Air Melting and Gravity & Counter Gravity

Investment Casting

This method of metal casting involves making a wax pattern-which is a replica of the final piece – building shell mold around the wax pattern, and then pouring molten metal and knocking out the shell materials after the metal has solidified.

At Impro Aerospace, we use air, vacuum and air pressurization methods to ensure that all mold cavities are filled and that each detail is imprinted onto the workpiece. We can handle weights from 1 ounce up to 100 pounds (0.03 to 45 kilograms) and sizes up to 600 mm. Our typical surface finish is Ra 3.2, though we can achieve Ra 2.8 upon request.

Permanent Mold Casting

In place of wax molds, this process uses a metal mold to cast a metal product. Since the mold is permanent, permanent mold casting is often the most cost-effective casting method for high-volume production or repeatable production runs. The initial cost of the mold can be fairly high, but the durability of the mold enables economies of scale that eventually offset these costs over time. Given this high upfront cost, the tooling costs of this process are often much too prohibitive for small and medium runs.

Impro Aerospace can create permanent molds for parts up to 33 pounds (15 kilograms) and sizes up to 400 mm, and our process produces a surface finish of Ra 6.4. We pour molten metal using gravity/counter-gravity methods, which is well-known for its ability to create defect-free parts.

Shell Mold Casting

Casting with a shell mold involves creating any number of thin and temporary sand-resin molds. Each individual mold can then be filled with molten metal to cast the end product, making the process both scalable and intricate. Once the molten metal is cooled, the shell mold is easily broken away to free the shell cast part.

Shell molds can be used to cast highly detailed parts or parts with very complex features. Benefits include low labor and tooling costs, low scrap generation, and a high rate of production. While the process itself is affordable, the equipment required to create the molds is relatively expensive.

Impro Aerospace can shell mold parts up to 33 pounds (15 kg) at sizes up to 300 mm. Our shell molding process creates a surface finish of Ra 12.5, and our gravity/counter-gravity pouring method ensures a high level of detail with little risk of part defects.

Materials Poured


Also known as high-performance alloys, superalloys exhibit a range of favorable qualities. Trademark characteristics include strength and stability as well as resistance to corrosion and heat.

Impro Aerospace offers a wide variety of superalloys, each uniquely suited for the needs of different industries including:

  • Inconel 625, 716, 718, 738
  • FSX-414
  • F75
  • MARM-247
  • And more


Titanium’s unique physical and metallurgical characteristics make it an attractive choice for demanding and high-performance components in aerospace, defense, medical, and other applications. It has:

  • Highest strength to density ratio of all the metals
  • Excellent corrosion resistance and biocompatibility
  • Performs well at high temperatures

Impro Aerospace offers Titanium casting in:

  • Ti-6Al-4V
  • Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo


In contrast to the above superalloy and Titanium, which are more rare and expensive casting options, aluminum is the world’s most abundant metal, making it simple and cheap to work with. Aluminum still holds a variety of important benefits, including:

  • Rust resistance
  • Heat resistance
  • High ductility

Impro Aerospace offers many aluminum options, such as:

  • A356
  • C355
  • F357
  • And more

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel offers corrosion and oxidation resistance by forming a chromium oxide film, much like Inconel. This chemical resistance makes it an ideal choice for applications where sanitation is important. Stainless steel can be austenitic or martensitic. The main difference is that austenitic steel offers high chemical resistance while martensitic steel boasts impressive physical strength. Additionally, austenitic steel reaches its full potential in heat-intensive environments, while martensitic is best for less extreme applications.

Here at Impro Aerospace, our stainless steel casting options include both types.

  • Martensitic stainless steel: 410 and more
  • Austenitic stainless steel: 304, 304L, 347, 316, 316L and more
  • Precipitation hardening stainless steel: 17-4PH, 15-5PH and more
  • Other materials as per customer requirements

 Low Alloy Steel

Unlike stainless steel, low alloy steel focuses on mechanical strength and resistance. By incorporating 1-5% of another alloy like nickel, chromium, or manganese, low alloy steels combine the physical toughness of plain steel with the additional chemical and physical properties offered by the chosen alloy.

Impro Aerospace offers the following low alloy steels:

  • IC4140
  • IC8620
  • 16MnCr5
  • 42CrMo4
  • And more

Casting Services at Impro Aerospace

Impro Aerospace is proud to offer a flexible, diverse range of casting solutions that will uniquely address your needs. Whether you are looking for physical stability, chemical durability, or a combination of both, our team will work with you to find the perfect metals and methods for your industry. To learn more about our available casting processes and materials, please Contact Us today.

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